Endometriosis affects one in 10 women in the United States, according to the Endometriosis Foundation of America. The Women’s Health Specialists of Dallas team is very experienced in diagnosing and treating endometriosis and offers effective treatments and testing methods, including transvaginal ultrasounds, pelvic laparoscopies, and pelvic exams. With two locations in Dallas and Rockwall, Texas, the skilled medical team is here to help.
Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium, the tissue lining your uterus, begins to grow outside the uterus.
This uterine tissue can grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other surrounding pelvic organs. Less commonly, the tissue can grow in the bladder, intestine, bowel, appendix, or rectum. In rare cases, it's present outside of the abdominal cavity in the brain or lungs.
Endometriosis can also develop in scars left from surgery on pelvic organs, but it most commonly affects women in the prime of their child-bearing age (between age 25 and 35).
Often, doctors misdiagnose the condition because symptoms are similar to other conditions. Some women might not even receive a diagnosis for many years.
Some of the symptoms of endometriosis include:
In more severe cases, endometriosis can lead to bowel and urinary disorders, and even infertility.
There are multiple theories on what causes endometriosis.
Sampson’s Theory involves retrograde menstruation or the backward flow of menstruation. However, retrograde menstruation occurs in 90% of women, and only 10% of women develop endometriosis.
Meyer’s Theory shows that endometriosis is likely present during fetal development, and is activated during puberty when estrogen levels increase.
Many experts point to the immune system and inflammation as a cause of endometriosis.
Women with a family history of the condition are also much more likely to develop endometriosis.
Endometriosis treatments depend on the condition’ severity.
First, your Women’s Health Specialists doctor diagnoses your endometriosis with a pelvic exam, transvaginal ultrasound, or a laparoscopy.
Then they discuss your treatment options, such as medications or surgery, with you. One consideration is if you want to have children in the future, as some treatments can end your fertility.
Some of the medications are anti-inflammatory and focus on reducing pain and inflammation. Hormone therapy is also used in some cases to balance and regulate the hormones that can worsen endometriosis.
If you’re experiencing pelvic pain and other worrisome symptoms, visit the Women’s Health Specialists of Dallas for the highest standard of gynecological care. Call or book your appointment online.